What is altitude sickness?

Altitude sickness occurs when you cannot get enough oxygen from the air at high altitude. This causes symptoms such as a headaches, loss of appetite, and trouble sleeping It happens most often when people who are not used to high altitudes go quickly from lower altitudes to 8000 ft (2438m) or higher. For example, you may get headache when you Drive over a high Mountain pass, hike to a high altitude, a arrive at a mountain resort.

Mild altitude, sickness is common. Experts do not know who will get it and who will not. Nether you fitness neither level nor being male or female plays a role in weather you get altitude sickness.

Altitude sickness can be dangerous. It is smart to take special care if you  go high altitude hiking or camping (like in the Rockies) or have plans for vacation or trek in high altitude countries like peru, Ecuador, or Nepal. Altitude sickness is also called acute mountain sickness.in Nepal” Lake Lagyo”

 What causes altitude sickness?

Air is “thinner” at high altitudes. When you go too high too fast, your body cannot get as much oxygen as it needs. So you need to breathe faster. This causes the headache and other symptoms of altitude sickness. As your body gets used to the altitude, the symptoms go away.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of altitude sickness include a headache, which is usually throbbing. It gets worse during the night and when you wake up.

Your symptoms may be mild to severe. They may not start until a day after you have been at a high altitude. Many people say altitude sickness feels like having a hangover.

Altitude sickness can affect your lungs and brain. When this happens, symptoms include being confused, not being able to walk straight (ataxia). Feeling faint, and having blue or gray lips or fingernails. When you breathe, you may hear a sound like a paper bag being crumpled. These symptoms mean the condition is severe. It may be deadly.

If you are going on a high altitude trek, learn about altitude sickness, it is symptoms, and how to treat it. Look out for other people in your group. You can learn more about altitude sickness at the Everest view Treks & Expedition mountain medicine guide Mr. Netra Magar he is working in mountain guide 23 years in Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.

Detail www.everesttrekkers.com

             How is altitude sickness diagnosed?

If you are at a high altitude, your doctor may think you have this condition. Your doctor will as question about your symptoms and examine you. To rule out other conditions, your doctor may asked if you have been smoking alcohol or using any medicines, or if you have cold or the flu.

If you are hiking or camping, you and those with you need to know the symptoms altitude sickness. People often mistake altitude sickness for the flu, a hangover or dehydration, as a rule, considers your symptoms altitude sickness unless you can prove they are not.

 How is it treated?

The best treatment for altitude sickness is to go to lower altitude. But if you have mild symptoms, you may be able to stay at that altitude and let your body get used to it. Symptoms often occur if you have just arrived at a mountain resort from lower altitude. You may also be able to use oxygen or a specially designed pressure chamber to treat altitude sickness if you stay at a high altitude, rest. You can explore the area, but take it easy. Limit any walking or activity Drink plenty of water, but do not drink alcohol. Do not go to a higher altitude until your symptoms go away. This may take from 12 hour to 3 or 4 days. For the headache, you can take an over-the- counter medicine, such as ibuprofen (Advil, mortin) or naproxen 9Aleve) do no give aspirin to anyone younger than 20, Aspirin has been linked to Reye syndrome, a serious illness. You may also use medicine to reduce feeling sick to your stomach or other symptoms. A doctor can give you acetazolamide (Diamox). This speeds up how fast your body gets used to the high altitude. Nifedipine (Procardia) and dexamethasone are also used for altitude sickness. You may also be able to use oxygen or a specially designed pressure chamber to treat altitude sickness.

Go to a lower altitude if your symptoms are moderate to severe, they get worse, or medicine or oxygen treatment does not help. Go down at list 1500 ft. (500 m). Go to a lower altitude as fast as you can or get emergency help if someone with you has severe symptoms such as being confused or not being able to walk straight. Go with the person. Never let someone with severe altitude sickness go down alone.

In case of major emergency, helicopter rescue is provided by many airlines. Please share your insurance information with your agency.

You need to ensure that you are covered for high altitude trekking up to 6,000 meter. Most travel insurance providers do not include this under the standard packages and therefore it needs to be selected separately.

Can you prevent altitude sickness?

You may able to prevent altitude sickness by taking your time when you go to high altitude, using medicine in advance and eating certain foods.

*if you are going to altitude higher than 8000ft (2438m). Try to spend a night at a medium altitude before going higher. For example, in the United States, spend a night in Denver before going to the Rocky Mountains.

* do not fly into high- altitude cities. If this is not possible, avoided large meals, alcohol, and being very active after you arrive. Rest and Drink plenty of liquids. If you have symptoms, do not go higher until they have gone away.

* sleep at an altitude that is lower than the altitude you were at during the day. For example, if you ski at 3000m during the day, sleep the night before and the night after at 2500m “climb high, sleep low” is standard practice for those who spend time at high altitudes.

*One study showed that starting to take ibuprofen 6 hour before climbing to high elevations and then taking it every 6 hours while climbing may help prevent altitude sickness. 1 ibuprofen may also reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness if you do get it.

*you may consider taking acetazolamide (Diamox) or possibly dexamethasone before going to a high altitude. 2 talk to your doctor about this.

*Eat a lot of carbohydrates. This includes breads, cereals, grains, and pasta.

                 

             What if you have a lung problem or other disease?

Experts do not know much about how altitude affects other diseases. Many people with allergic asthma do better at high altitudes. Still, if you have asthma and are going to high altitudes, continue to use your daily controller medicine and take your quick-relief medicine with you. Talk with your doctor about altitude sickness if you have long-term diseases especially heart problem, sickle cell anemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or sleep apnea.

If you any question about high altitude sickness please detail everestview.trek1@gmail.com

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